Facts about Anlaby
In the 1850s the small hamlet of Anlaby contained few dwellings in addition to Anlaby Hall and House, and was set in an entirely rural and parkland environment. Wesleyan (built c. 1805) and Primitive Methodist Chapels had also been established by this time, and the area was considered a very desirable dwelling place.
The Anglican church of St Peter was built in 1865 to a design by William Kerby at a cost of £1,558. It was enlarged in 1885, and is mostly of brick in the decorated style, In 1885 the Hull and Barnsley Railway was constructed, running east–west one-third of a mile (500 m) to the north of the village. Between the 1890s and the 1930s little development took place, although a row of a terraced houses along Wolfreton Road north towards the hamlet of Wolfreton was built. Springhead Halt railway station on the Hull and Barnsley Railway opened in 1929 (closed 1955) serving the village, as part of a high frequency urban service.
Anlaby is recorded in the Domesday Book as “Umlouebi” or “Unlouebi”, a habitation within the manor of North Ferriby which was of 19 persons including a priest. The name is thought to derive from the Old Norse personal name Óláfr (or Unlaf, Anlaf) and by meaning ‘farmstead’: “Anlaf’s village”. By the beginning of the 13th century the village was known by the spelling “Anlauebi”.
In 1392 some inhabitants of Anlaby, Cottingham and ‘Woolferton’ rioted over the construction of canals supplying water from sources near their villages to Kingston upon Hull; approximately 1,000 are said to have laid siege unsuccessfully to Hull, and some of the ringleaders are said to have been hanged at York. Disputes over Hull’s water supply continued until the 1410s, with the villages fouling the freshwater supply, and filling in the channels. In 1413 an admonitory letter from the Pope was issued, urging the villages to desist from their erroneous ways, after which the nuisance ceased.